A brief introduction of Mt. Danxia global geopark
Mt. Danxia is located in the outskirts of Shaoguan City, in Guangdong Province, with an area of 292 km2. Mt. Danxia, also known as the China’s red stone park and the namesake of Danxia landform, is a scenic spot characterized by Danxia landscape, which places emphasis on both nature and culture. Mt. Danxia is an outstanding representation of mountainous landscapes at low altitude and is well-known for its beautiful dark red color tone — just like dramatic rosy clouds reflecting in the clearly sky, hence the name “Danxia” (literally means rosy clouds). Mt. Danxia was opened to tourists in 1980, selected by UNESCO as among one of first Global Geoparks in 2004, and listed on the World Natural Heritage list in 2010.
Mt. Danxia is composed of several sections of scenic spots called: Danxia; Shaoshi; Bazhai; Feihuashui; Xianrenji; Jinjiang; and Zhenjiang Long Corridor. More than 680 curious rock peaks featured by red cliffs and formed by sandy conglomerates, are distributed in Mt. Danxia. Bazhai, the highest peak in this region, has an altitude of 619.2m.
Mt. Danxia is rich in cultural connotations, and has become a tourist resorts from Sui and Tang dynasties in the south of the five ridges. Mt. Danxia contains many hung coffins, relics of ancient fortified mountain villages, and caves. There are temples such as Bie-chuan Temple, Jin-shiyan Temple, Xian-juyan Taoist temple. Stone carvings and petro glyphs from the Song dynasty are spread across the mountain. Around Zhang-lao peak, over 130 stone carvings and tablet inscriptions, and over 100 verses can be found.
Mt. Danxia has a favorable ecological environment, with lush frorests. The native vegetation of Mt. Danxia is mainly subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest. Its local endemic genus includes: Firmiana danxiaensis; Nanzhu danxiaensis; Chiritopsis danxiaensis; etc. Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo, Baimao tea, and Citrusmaxima grown in Mt. Danxia are famous specialties in the south of the five ridges. Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo, Baimao tea has been separately recorded into pharmacopoeia and the book of tea. Danxia yanhong tea and Danxia yuya tea are awarded the first prize in the National Exposition of China Tea.